Surah No 80: Abasa
Number of Ayats: Forty-two
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from the first word of the surah which is ‘Abasa’ which means “he frowned”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. One day, chiefs of Makkah were sitting in the company of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW); where he was trying to persuade them to accept Islam. In the meantime a blind man named Abdullah bin Umme Maktum approached the Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) and asked him a question regarding Islam. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) did not like this interruption and therefore ignored him. Due to this incident the surah was sent down. The implication of this is that Allah’s message is for all, and it is possible that the poor, handicapped or insignificant people of the society are more inclined towards religion than men who are gifted yet they suffer from pride. As in this case the blind man not only became a true and devoted Muslim but went on to become a governor of Madinah.
The motive of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) was simply that the message could spread far and wide through influential people, whereas the underprivileged or the weak would not be able to do. However through this surah Allah tells us that every single person who is a seeker of truth is to be considered important whatever his status maybe and he should be given first priority i.e. if any preference should be given at all.
Then it is questioned that what has man not been given? He has gifts such will, perception (worldly and divine) and emotions (worldly and divine). He can control nature and also use it to benefit himself and others. He has also been given the power of judgment which allows him to choose the right path for himself. Yet with all these blessings if he is still ungrateful and disobedient towards Allah then he will have to face grievous consequences on the Final Day! On that Day no one will be able to save him, neither family nor friends. And the faces of such people will be marred with their sins, while those of the righteous people will be beaming.
Surah No 81: At-Takwir
Number of Ayats: Twenty-nine
Meaning of the name: It is derived from the word ‘kuwwiraat’ which occurs in ayat no 1, meaning “the folding up”.
Summary: This is Makki surah. The signs of when the Day of Resurrection will arrive are told very clearly. These are 1) when the sun will fold up 2) when the stars will lose their shine 3) When the mountains will disappear 4) when animals and humans will be grouped together 5) when the oceans will boil and engulf all land.
That day it will be questioned that why girls were buried alive at birth. The New World will be revealed. The records will be presented and then every soul will know what they had sent forward.
The folly of the disbelievers has been stated, for they simply could not fathom how a mere human being like themselves could be the epitome of perfection such as the Holy Prophet (SAW), therefore in their ignorance they accused him of being possessed by an evil spirit or of being a magician. However it has been proved that whatever Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) preached was a divine message, which showed us the correct path of life, leading us to heights of human excellence.
Surah No 82: Al-Infitar
Number of Ayats: Nineteen
Meaning of the name: It is derived from the word ‘infatarat’ which occurs in ayat no 1, meaning “the cleaving”.
Summary: This is Makki surah. Once again in the beginning, the signs of when the Day of Resurrection will arrive are given. When the sky will be split apart, when the stars will fall and scatter, when the seas will rush forwards and the graves will turn upside down, and the people will come out of them. Then it will be known what deeds one has sent forward, and what has been left behind. Hazrat Muhammad said “There was no prophet among the prophets but was given miracles because of which people had security or had belief, but what I was given was the Divine Inspiration which Allah revealed to me. So I hope that my followers will be more than those of any other prophet on the Day of Resurrection”.
We are told that Allah has appointed Angels for us who help and protect as well as record every action that we perform.
An imperative question is repeated twice at the end that “And what will explain to thee what the Day of Judgment is?”(82:17-18). The answer is provided in the last ayat: “(It will be) the Day when no soul shall have power (to do) aught for another: for the Command that Day will be (wholly) with Allah.”
Surah No 83: Al-Mutaffifin
Number of Ayats: Thirty-six
Meaning of the name: In ayat no.1, the word ‘Wayl-ul-lil mutaffifin’ occurs which means “Those who deal in fraud”.
Summary: This is Makki surah. In the first three ayats grave admonition is given to those who deal in deception and swindling of any kind. This not only applies to commercial dealings where people indulge in profiteering and hoarding but also social dealings where a person or a party expect honor, respect and justice, however they do not consider themselves liable to do the same. Such people are guilty before Allah.
It is stated that the register which holds the records of the sinners is known as “Sijjin”, and the one that holds the records of the righteous is known as “Illiyin”.
Allah created our heart pure; therefore we ourselves taint it with the sins that we commit. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “When a person commits a sin, a black dot is dotted on his heart. Then if that person gives up that sin, begs Allah to forgive him and repents, then his heart is cleared (from that covering dot); but if he repeats the sin, then that covering is increased till his heart is completely covered with it. And that is Ar-Ran which Allah has mentioned (in the Quran)”.
We are told that the ones nearest to Allah will get to drink from a heavenly fountain called “Tasnim”. However the unbelievers who always mocked the righteous and made life miserable for them, on that Day it is they who will be in a wretched state!