Surah No 19: Maryam
Number of Ayats: Ninety-eight
Meaning of the name: It has been named after the birth of Hazrat Isa (AS) to Hazrat Maryam (AS) without a father referred to in ayat no 16.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. This is the only surah which begins with five letters i.e. K, H, Y, A, S. It starts with the reference of the prayer of Hazrat Zikriya (AS) to Allah, He gave Hazrat Zikriya (AS) the good news of a son (Hazrat Yahya)(AS) despite the fact that he was very old and his wife was unable to conceive. Hazrat Zikriya (AS) only asked Allah of this favour because he believed that his people were straying from the right path and after him there would be no one to guide them.
Hazrat Yahya (AS) (who was known as John the Baptist in other Holy books) had the character and virtue of his father, and that is why he sincerely and devotedly spread the message of Allah. He actually paved the way for Hazrat Isa (AS). However he was sentenced to an unjust death at an early age by Herod who was a ruler under the Roman Empire.
Also in the surah, the miraculous birth of Hazrat Isa is described which was one way of showing the disbelievers proof of His existence as no one but Allah has the power of making such a thing happen. However such could not be understood by an ordinary person that is why they doubted the piety of Hazrat Maryam (AS) when she returned with Hazrat Isa (AS) in her arms, but then he spoke to defend his mother and also preached the message of Allah which of course left the people awestruck.
The account of Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) and his father is given. Similarly prophets such as Ishaq, Yaqub, Moosa, Haroon, Ismail, Idrees, Yasin and Noah have been mentioned too. The severity of Resurrection has been portrayed as well. The surah ends on the emphasis of the oneness of Allah and that all, that the disbelievers say is false.
Surah No 20: Ta-ha
Number of Ayats: One hundred and thirty-five
Meaning of the name: This is one of the names of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW).
Summary: This is a Makki surah. It begins with addressing Hazrat Muhammad (SAW), and he is advised to fulfill the basic duties of preaching, guidance and to warn of the consequences of those who do not believe in the message of Allah. That He forgives only those who repent, who possess true faith, do good deeds and follow the right path. However it is clearly stated that the Prophet (SAW) should by no means force anyone to accept Islam. It also tells us of the patience, tolerance and forbearance that Hazrat Muhhamad (SAW) displayed, and that he was influenced by no one. The severity of the Day of Judgment is also mentioned.
Then the life account of Hazrat Moosa (AS) is given in detail, starting from his birth up till the conflict with his people. Mention of when and why Hazrat Adam (AS) was sent on earth is also given to clarify that the choice between good and evil is always up to us. We must always fight evil for that is one of the fundamental basics of Islam, but with patience and full belief in Allah.
The sequence in which prophets were sent to earth for the guidance of mankind has been mentioned. The surah ends on telling Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) that he must bear with all the difficulties till Allah sends his help and assistance.
Surah No 21: Al-Anbiyaa
Number of Ayats: One hundred and twelve
Meaning of the name: This is named ‘Al-Anbiyaa’ because many prophets have been mentioned in this surah such as Hazrat Ibrahim, Daud, Salman, Idris, Ismail, Yunus, Ayub, Zul-kifl, Zikriya and Yahya.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. The surah tells us of the attitude adopted by the nations towards the prophets sent to them. How they mocked them and rebelled against their teachings. Actually they could not accept that a man like themselves was bestowed upon with such a privilege by Allah. It is stated that Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was sent as a mercy for the ‘Alamin’ (mankind, Jinn and all that exists). And that is the reason why he is superior of all.
It is warned that those who deliberately do not pay heed to the message of Allah message which is for their own good, will suffer miserably and taste His wrath. Not the smallest action, word, thought or motive can be blamed on Allah, everyone is responsible for what one does.
The principles of Islam are stated in detail as a reminder, and it has been made clear that the message of Allah is universal, and the Holy Quran is the final revelation of Allah which was sent in order to remove all the misconceptions that have occurred in other Holy Books due to human intervention.
Many prophets are mentioned foremost is the incident that took place between Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) and the idol worshipers. To convince that worshipping idols is useless, Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) broke all their idols but left the biggest one. When they asked who had done this, he said to them that why don’t you ask this idol. They replied with the obvious answer that they could not do so as idols could not speak. To which Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) asked that why did they worship something that could do nothing for them. In retaliation they decide to burn Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) at the stake. However Allah saved his prophet as the fire went cold.
The others include Hazrat Daud (AS) who was a very wise man and his son Hazrat Suleiman (AS) who was even wiser; this is elaborated by a small incident. Also Hazrat Suleiman (AS) could make the winds obey him, as well as he tamed the Jinns through his wisdom. Then there was Hazrat Ayub (AS) who faced great difficulties in his life but he had complete faith in Allah and never complained. Therefore Allah rewarded him by granting him happiness and contentment.
It is very clear from all the examples given that the prophets had to go through many trials and tribulations, and though the disbelievers tried their best to put a stop to their mission yet they failed in their schemes because of Allah. Again we are reminded that those who follow the right path will be successful, while those who do not will have to face grave consequences.