Surah No 45: Al-Jathiya
Number of Ayats: Thirty- seven
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 28 where the word ‘Jathiya’ has been mentioned which means “bowing of the knee”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. It is stated that the greatest folly on part of humans is to reject Allah’s signs that have been scattered around us, because by doing so we are then actually following are own man-made laws. Such people are not worthy of His guidance and blessings. It is unfortunate for we can find these signs in our selves, in animals and in the environment that we live in. And everyone gets the opportunity to develop their qualities and to reap the fruits of their earnest endeavors. The Jews are referred here for they were a highly favored nation. They were given prophet hood, divine revelation and its understanding, wealth, power and the fine things in life. Yet it was due to their actions that they stopped receiving the divine blessings.
The disbelievers think that only time can destroy them, but what is time? Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) once said “Allah said; the son of Adam annoys Me, for he abuses Ad-Dahr (time) though I am Ad-Dahr (time); in My Hands are all things and I cause revolution of day and night”.
It is stated that on the Day of Judgment every disbeliever will have to submit before Allah on his knees, and then a record of their conduct will be read out as an Angel has been recording all his deeds during his life. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “When carried to his grave, a dead person is followed by three, two of which return (after burial) and one remains with him: his relatives, his property and his deeds follow him, relatives and his property return back while his deeds remain with him”.
Surah No 46: Al-Ahkaf
Number of Ayats: Thirty-five
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 21 where the word ‘Ahkaf’ has been mentioned which means “sand-tracts”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. It is stated that everything in this world is for an appointed term, nothing and no one is everlasting therefore those who believe this possess true faith. Then a question is posed to those who worship other entities than Allah, is that what have they created or what knowledge have they added to this world? The Arabs are admonished for they refused to believe in the message which had been revealed in their language whereas there were Jews and (Christians) who believed in their scriptures and who found in the Holy Quran and Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) confirmation of their Holy books. They accepted Islam as a completion of the revelation on Hazrat Moosa (AS).
Older generations are advised to bring up the younger generation in such a manner that they do not look down upon them, rather respect and follow their guidance acknowledging that they have worldly and spiritual knowledge as well as experience. It is stated that every nation and every generation is responsible for its own actions. No one can blame the other. And every deed will be weighed to the last degree. The bad deeds will be awarded accordingly, but the good deeds will receive a reward far beyond its worth, such is His benevolence.
It is mentioned that the people of Ad and Thamud were far richly endowed in art, science and culture than the Quraish. Yet all that was of no use to them because they defied Allah. That means that attaining the highest level of faculties will be of no use if you apply them against Allah’s law and guidelines. It is also referred here that once a group of Jinns were passing by when they heard the recitation of the Holy Quran. They returned to their people and told them about it as it is stated in ayat no 30: “They said “O our people! We have heard a Book revealed after Moses confirming what came before it: it guides (men) to the Truth and to a Straight Path (Islam)”
Surah No 47: Muhammad
Number of Ayats: Thirty-eight
Meaning of the name: It has been named after the name of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW).
Summary: This is a Madni surah. The theme of the surah is Jihad, and it stated that it has to be performed with great dynamism in order to defeat the enemy. It is for this reason the Muslims were urged at that time not to give up hope just because they were small in number and were not well equipped against the strength of the disbelievers. They were told to have faith in Allah as He protects and helps His true believers. In comparison those who do not believe in Allah and misguide others from doing so, do not have His protection or blessings. History reveals that evil can never win. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) once said “To guard Muslims from infidels in Allah’s cause for one day is better than the world and whatever is on its surface”. However we are told that prisoners of war are to be treated nicely and released with ransom or even without it.
While hypocrites can be judged by the fact that they act and speak as if they believed but when the time comes they are cowards, are insincere to the Cause of Allah and they are not willing to sacrifice their lives. It is a pity that they do not even understand the simplest spiritual truths. However they are warned that Allah knows what they are doing. They are told that they should repent for their mistakes because when the punishment will come it will be too late.
Therefore only true believers are the ones who persevere for the Cause, and are willing to sacrifice their lives. The tests and trials that we undergo throughout our life are for our own good. That is why we must use this the time on earth as a preparation of the next life, and should be ready to take risks. We are again reminded that Allah has no need for us. He only uses us for our own benefit, and we are the receivers of the innumerable blessings that He bestows upon us. So if we abandon Allah’s Cause then we are the losers because there will be other better people who will take our place.