Surah No 51: Az-Zariyat
Number of Ayats: Sixty
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 1 where the word ‘Zariyat’ occurs meaning the “winds that scatter”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. In the beginning the characteristics of the winds are given which are: a) they produce changes in the pressure and temperature of air which revolutionizes animal and vegetable life b) they carry seeds and sow them in different places, similarly they carry the clouds from place to place c) they fill the sails of ships so that they may reach their destinations d) they distribute moisture and rain at different places. This is a natural phenomenon which takes place on Allah’s command. Revelation which has also been bestowed on chosen men by Allah’s command is similar to the wind in many aspects, for it also brings about great changes. In addition it distributes its blessings wherever it goes, and its effects are far and reaching.
Then the characteristics of good people are mentioned for they are those who sleep little and spend a portion of the night in worship, as they prefer to serve Allah and His beings then the Self. These people pray for forgiveness of all sins committed and those not yet committed. They also pray for whom they care for. These people also give charity to the needy and especially those who are in need yet cannot ask due to various reasons. We must realize that charity in the higher sense includes all help, from the one more able to the one whom is not. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “Everyday two angels come down from heaven and one of them says, ‘O Allah! Compensate every person who spends in Your Cause,’ and the other angels says, O Allah! Destroy every miser”
The surah ends on the admonition that every nation who acted as his antecedent will suffer a similar fate. For those who have acquired evil ways will not only get their punishment in the Hereafter, but in this life as well.
Surah No 52: At-Tur
Number of Ayats: Forty nine
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 1 where the word ‘Tur’ occurs meaning the “mountain”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. It begins with five signs given in the first five ayats which are proofs that the Day of Judgment will come. They are 1) the Mount of Revelation (In the case of Hazrat Moosa (AS) it was Mount Sinai, in case of Hazrat Isa (AS) it was Mount of Olives and in case of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) it was the Mountain of Light 2) the Holy Books 3) Khana Ka’aba 4) Heaven 5) the limitless Ocean.
Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “From among the portents of the Hour are the following: General ignorance (in religious affairs) will prevail, religious knowledge will decrease, adultery will prevail, alcoholic drinks will be drunk (in abundance), men will decrease and women will increase so much so that every fifty women there will be one man to look after them”
In ayats (1-28) the subject of ‘Hereafter’ has been reiterated. In ayats (29-49) the attitude of Quraish Chiefs has been mentioned again. They made the life of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) amiserable by wishing that something bad would happen and they could get rid of him. They ridiculed his message and ignored him on purpose. They would sit together and conspire of ways to make his mission a failure. Despite all this the Holy Prophet (SAW) remained steadfast in his mission because Allah was with him.
Surah No 53: An-Najm
Number of Ayats: Sixty two
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 1 where the word ‘Najam’ occurs which means “star”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. It begins with the defense of the Holy Prophet (SAW) who was accused by the Quraish chiefs of: 1) going astray 2) of being misled by forces of evil 3) trying to make an impression by imposing upon people his own beliefs. However it is stated then none of this is true and that Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) was guided directly by Allah Himself. Then reference to the event of Miraj is given where the Holy Prophet saw such things that would leave us awestruck. One of these was the “Al Bait Al Ma’mur” (Allah’s House) where 70,000 Angels perform prayers daily, and every day new batches of Angels come. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “If anyone of you says Amin (during prayer at the end of Surah Al-Fathiha), and the angels in heaven say the same, and the two sayings coincide, all his past sins will be forgiven”. He also saw “Sidrat-ul-Muntaha” which is a lote tree whose boundary is so vast that it extends over the seventh heaven beyond which none can pass, and near this lies (Jannat al-Mawa).
The three major goddesses: Lat, Uzza, and Manat have been mentioned, to point out that it was the height of degradation that females who were lowly in the eyes of Arabs, were chosen by them to be their God. To worship anything other than Allah be it idols or Angels is futile. This is simply something men have done themselves. This can lead to nothing but destruction, so we should simply follow the path shown to us by Allah. For if we repent or mend our ways, Allah’s forgiveness will come, and we are rewarded more than we deserve. As all He asks of us is to strive against evil.
Then the eleven sayings of Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) are given: 1) Man himself bears the burden of his sins 2) & 3) Man must make every effort in trying to attain his goal 4), 5) & 6) Allah gives us everything, therefore our hopes should be with Him and none other 7) He has made pairs 8) He will raise the dead and grant a new life in the Hereafter 9) All material and spiritual gains are awarded to man according to Allah’s plan 10) Allah is the creator of the magnificent star “Sirius” , which the Pagan Arabs worshipped 11) Allah wiped out the most powerful and capable nations because of their sins.
Surah No 54: Al-Qamar
Number of Ayats: Fifty five
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 1 where the word ‘Al-Qamar’ occurs meaning the “moon”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. The Arabs asked Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) to show them a miracle. Hence that miracle is referred to, in the first ayat, when the moon split into two halves, and it seemed that one half was on one side of the mountain and the other on the other side. Then an instant later it became a whole again. However the unbelievers called it nothing but magic, and what else would they call it for they were those people who paid no heed to repeated warning, neither they learnt from history and refused to acknowledge the signs of Allah surrounding them. They are greatly reprimanded for their continued stubbornness in this surah.
Again stories of various prophets such as Hazrat Nooh, Hazrat Lut, Hazrat Moosa, and nations of Ad and Thamud have been mentioned here, to keep on reminding us not to repeat the follies that they committed. The Arabs are then asked that if they adopt the wicked ways of their predecessors how do they think they can escape punishment? Do they think themselves superior or believe that they have been officially pardoned? They are greatly mistaken if they think so.
This simple yet beautiful ayat has been repeated four times throughout the surah which should make us realize its importance: “And We have indeed made the Qur’an easy to understand and remember: then is there any that will receive admonition?”(54: 17, 22, 32, 40).