Surah No 3: Aal-e-Imran
Number of Ayahs: Two hundred
Meaning of Name: The surah has been named after Hazrat Mariam’s father (Imran) who belonged to a pious family.
Summary: This is another long Madni surah. The first part conveys messages about the Oneness of Allah and his prophets, whereas it contradicts those who have doubts about Hazrat Muhammad (SAW), the Holy Quran and Allah. It is stated very clearly that if anyone chooses a religion other than Islam, this is unacceptable to Allah, and such people will face very grave consequences on the Day of Judgment. It is clearly stated that Allah’s religion has always been Islam, and the scriptures given to the Jews & Christians were no different than the Holy Quran. And only men of understanding understand the warnings of Allah.
Those whom for a small worldly gain; break an oath to Allah will indeed not have a place in paradise. We are told that we should not be weakened or lose heart while facing the enemy, as Allah will grant victory to his true believers. Allah often tests us in order to purify us in this world, so that we may be worthy of entering heaven. We are told not to be miserly when giving from our wealth especially when it comes to zakat and charity because our wealth is a gift from Allah.
In the second part again we are reminded of Hajj, Jihad, Zakat and Sood. The battles of Badr and Auhad have been mentioned in great detail, especially the specific reasons why we won Badr and lost Auhad. It also tells us of the miraculous birth of Hazrat Isa (AS) to Hazrat Maryam Batool, and she was given a very high status among the women of that time. We are told that Allah will teach Hazrat Isa (AS) (the Sunnah, the faultless speech of the prophets, wisdom, Taurat and Injeel). He would be a Messenger for the people of Israel. He would have the power as vested in him by Allah to breathe life into an object made of clay, healing of the blind as well as lepers, and bringing back the dead to life.
Here Hazrat Zakariya (AS) is mentioned, and how he asked Allah to grant him a child, Allah granted his wish and bestowed upon him Hazrat Yayha (AS).
We are told that we are to make no distinction between all the Prophets that Allah has sent for our guidance. All are equal.
Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “A disbeliever will be asked: ‘Suppose you had as much gold as to fill the earth, would you offer it to ransom yourself from hell fire?. He will reply, Yes. Then it will be said to him “you were asked for something easier than that, (to join none in worship) with Allah i.e. accept Islam, but you refused”
Men of understanding are those who remember Allah in their prayers, standing, sitting or lying down and ponder on the creations of Allah, for them are the signs.
Surah No 4: An-Nisa
Number of Ayats: One hundred and seventy-six
Meaning of the name: It has been named ‘Nisa’ because this surah contains all the injunctions and instructions related to women.
Summary: This is an extensive Madni surah. There is great emphasis on all laws and issues which are related to women, home, family, society and a nation. The rights of women and orphan girls are explained in details especially with relation to inheritance and marriage. The giving of mehr, the relationship between husband and wife, their rights on each other are mentioned clearly. It is stated that the husband must treat the wife with love and care as he is her maintainer and protector. He should by no means treat her as a slave or subordinate. Divorce has also been discussed thoroughly; as well complete guidance is given in a situation where a couple is facing marital problems.
The foundations of a society are stated which are compassion, justice, law & order, cooperation, unity, discipline and correction. Great importance is given to the rights of people (ayat no 36) which include parents, relatives, orphans, neighbours, fellow travelers, the needy, the poor, slaves and all those whom we interact with. It for this reason cutting off relationships is considered a great sin. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “He who breaks relationships will not enter heaven”.
The conditions in which we are not supposed to offer namaz are stated in ayat no 43.
We are commanded by Allah to fight for all those who are weak, ill-treated or oppressed in order to protect them. It is stated that all the good that reaches us is from Allah. While all the bad that reached us is a result of our own deeds, therefore we are asked to abstain from great sins, which Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) has elaborated as 1) to ascribe partners with Allah 2) to practice magic 3) to kill an innocent person 4) taking profit 5) to violate the rights of orphans 6) turning your back on Jihad 7) giving false evidence against a pious woman.
It is stated in ayat no 124, and whoever does good deeds, male or female will be rewarded equally, and there shall be no difference even as small as the thin thread on the date groove.
Hypocrisy is greatly admonished and it is pointed out that the final destination of a person who is two faced will be no place but hell. This is clarified with what Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said ‘The worst people before Allah on the Day of Resurrection will be the double-faced people who appear to some people with one face and to other people with another face’.
We are told that indeed Hazrat Isa (AS) was not crucified or killed; Allah raised him to the heavens.
Surah No 5: Al-Maida
Number of Ayats: One hundred and twenty
Meaning of the name: It has been named after the miracle of Al-Maida that has been mentioned in ayat no 112. Hazrat Isa (AS) requested Allah to send a table filled with food from heaven so that his apostles may believe in his teachings by witnessing this miracle.
Summary: This is another extensive Madni surah. It was revealed to Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) while he was returning from Huddaybia, and is the last surah as stated in ayat no 3. Commandments and instructions about the religious, cultural and political life of the Muslims are given. We are told not to let our animosity towards someone suppress the requirement of practicing justice because being just is a virtue liked by Allah and also we should fear Allah, not in sense of the word but in the sense that we should have a strong aspiration to avoid everything that is against His Will and Law, so that we can become closer to Him. And He guides on the straight path whoever seeks his guidance. A code of ceremonial rules concerning the journey for Hajj has been prescribed. Drinking and gambling have been absolutely prohibited. Those animals that are hilal have been described and that we should eat only those, which have been sacrificed in the name of Allah.
The importance and significance of Ablution has been stated and is further clarified by Hazrat Muhammad (SAW), who said “It is because of ablution that on the Day of Judgment the faces, hands and feet of my Ummah will be white and brilliant”. In the case we have no access to water then we are asked to perform Taiyammum whose method is also mentioned.
We are told about the first murder on earth, when Kabeel, the son Hazrat Adam (AS) killed his own brother Habeel. The repercussion of such a crime has been declared in ayat no 32, while Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “After I am gone do not kill each other in vain and become infidels”.
It is stated that the Jews were bestowed with what had not been given to (Mankind & Jinn) before them. Hazrat Isa (AS) was given Injil for guidance and a confirmation that Taurat had been sent before. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) “I am nearest of all the people to the son of Maryam and all Prophets are paternal brothers, and there has been no Prophet between me and him i.e. Isa.”
It is greatly stressed that to have genuine faith we must firmly belief in Allah and Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) whose message is universal. That is why Jews and Christians were ordered to embrace Islam, yet they broke their promises, made amendments in the Torah and Bible and refused to belief in the Prophethood of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW).