Surah No 63: Al-Munafiqun
Number of Ayats: Eleven
Meaning of the name: It takes name from ayat no1 where the sentence “Idha jaa kal-munafiquna” occurs which means ‘the hypocrites’.
Summary: This is a Madni surah. It is stated that the hypocrites are those who use their pledge as a screen for their misdeeds and also lead others astray from the true path. Their personal and rhetoric skills are captivating but from the inside they are hollow, meaning that they are characterless. Yet despite all their shortcomings if they were to ask for Allah’s forgiveness earnestly they would be forgiven. However if they didn’t, then even if the Holy Prophet (SAW) were to pray for them Allah would not forgive them. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “The worst people before Allah on the Day of Resurrection will be the double faced people who appear to some people with one face and to other people with another face”
We are told that riches and all relationships that are important to us should not hinder in our remembering Allah. By remembering Him, it does not mean only namaz and recitation of the Holy Quran but it encompasses good deeds and good thoughts. This is a small service that Allah asks of us. We are reminded that Allah provides us with everything therefore it is our responsibility to be of assistance to our fellow beings by giving charity, which can even be a thoughtful act! We should not postpone doing good; as we have no idea when death may come, for then our time will be up and we won’t be able to ask for more.
Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “Anyone whom Allah has given wealth, but he does not pay its Zakat, then on the Day of Resurrection, his wealth will be presented to him in the shape of a bald headed poisonous male snake with two poisonous glands in its mouth and it will encircle itself round his neck and bite him over his cheeks and say, ‘I am your wealth; I am your treasure’”
Surah No 64: At-Tagabun
Number of Ayats: Eighteen
Meaning of the name: It takes name from ayat no 9 where the word “taghabun” occurs meaning ‘mutual loss and gain’.
Summary: This is a Madni surah. It is stated that everything that exists in the world not only praises but also declares the magnificence of Allah. In addition to this He created Man with the best of everything i.e. physical appearance, intellect, character and made him His vicegerent on earth. That is how Allah is aware of all our hidden thoughts, motives and feelings.
No calamity can occur without Allah’s knowledge, but if one would try to understand; then that mishap can actually be an indicator that it is time that we mend our ways morally and spiritually. It is our duty to overcome our faults and if we are sincere in our efforts, Allah will guide us through all difficulties. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “Know that if all the people get together in order to benefit you with something, they will not be able to benefit you in anything except what Allah has decreed for you. And if all the people get together in order to harm you with something, they will not be able to harm you in anything except what Allah has decreed for you”
Often the demands of the wife and children can hinder in a man’s moral and spiritual beliefs and duties. Yet he should never abandon his religious responsibilities just to please or satisfy them. While on the other hand he must not treat them unkindly either, he should forgive their follies and not ridicule them.
We are told that we are our own worst enemies, as our greediness and selfishness is what makes us do wrong. Here charity is mentioned again and that Allah’s appreciation of our services is beyond our imagination as He rewards magnanimously. He is the wisest of all as through: 1) His knowledge, He knows what our true intensions are 2) His power, He can repay even the unworthy 3) His wisdom, He can change our shortcomings into our strengths.
Surah No 65: At-Talaq
Number of Ayats: Twelve
Meaning of the name: The subject matter of the surah is ‘talaq’ as it contains commandants about divorce.
Summary: This is a Madni surah. In the beginning the laws related to divorce have been reiterated to further clarify any misconceptions that people may have. 1) If the man has pronounced three divorces then the marriage has ended. The woman has to wait for 3 months before she can marry again, and if the couple wishes to reconcile, the woman must marry another man, who must then divorce her so she may marry her first husband. 2) If the man has pronounced one or two divorces then there is a separation period of three months, during or after which the couple who wish to reconcile may do so. The woman must be treated kindly and justly during this period in accordance with the husband’s status. 3) The waiting period of a widowed woman is 4 months and 10 days. 4) If the woman is expecting then no separation is possible, until the child is born. Even after that the man is responsible for the welfare of his child and the mother.
Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “Of all the things permitted by the Law, the most hateful in the sight of Allah is the divorce.”
We are told that we must strictly follow the laws laid down by Allah especially those which involve our fellow beings, as carrying out our social responsibilities are vital for the wellbeing of the society. Our duties towards our families and marriage, as mentioned above are very important. Those who forget morality in marriage and family will suffer on the Day of Judgment. This applies to the entire nation.
Surah No 66: At-Tahrim
Number of Ayats: Twelve
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 1 where the words “lima tuharrimu” occur. The incident of tahrim (forbiddance) has been mentioned.
Summary: This is a Madni surah. In the beginning reference is given to an incident which involves the wives of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) whom he usually visited after the Asr prayers. Once he stayed a little longer at Zainab bint Jahsh’s quarters, because she had received some honey which the Holy Prophet (SAW) liked very much. Hazrat Aisha felt jealous and she conspired with three other wives that when the Holy Prophet (SAW) visited them they would tell him that a strange odor came from his mouth because of what he had eaten. So when all of them hinted this, he promised that he would not eat honey again. At this the first verse was sent down to tell him that we cannot forbid ourselves of the things that Allah has made lawful for us. Therefore Allah cautioned the Holy Prophet (SAW) at once. This incident also shows that the wives of the Holy Prophet (SAW) who were above other women; should have acted according to that status. Qualities such as belief, loyalty, worship and service were expected of them.
It is stated that on the Day of Judgment no injustice will be done to us. We will only have to face the consequences of our own actions and the choices that we made. We are told that even if we have committed follies, if we unite in good deeds and work together for the collective good of each other then Allah will relieve us of our difficulties. He will save us from the humiliation we have brought upon ourselves.
Reference is given here to the wives of Hazrat Nuh and Hazrat Lut, who although being associated with prophets of Allah did not believe in their message, and so they perished with all the other disbelievers and they did not get any respite from Hell. And there is an example for the believers; of Aasiya, wife of Pharaoh who pleaded with Allah to save her from Pharaoh and his doings. She is among the four perfect women; the others are Hazrat Maryam (RA), Hazrat Khadija (RA) and Hazrat Fatima (RA).