Surah No 71: Nuh
Number of Ayats: Twenty-eight
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from the subject matter of the surah which revolves around the complete story of Hazrat Nuh (AS).
Summary: This is a Makki surah. Hazrat Nuh (AS) did his utmost to spread the message of Allah, through preaching at a mass level as well as at individual level. In doing so he brought their attention towards all the countless blessings of Allah and what other favors He would bestow if only they would tread the path prescribed by Him. Yet it was of no use because no one paid any heed to his words. However we are told what happened to the disbelievers, for they all drowned in a flood sent by Allah, and only the believers survived.
Surah No 72: Al-Jinn
Number of Ayats: Twenty-eight
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from the subject matter of the surah which revolves around how a group of Jinns heard the recitation of the Holy Quran and went back to their people to preach Islam.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. Jinns, just like humans and of course all other creatures are a unique creation of Allah as they are made of fire. They too had also heard of previous revelations of Hazrat Musa (AS) and Hazrat Isa (AS), but when they heard the recitation from the Holy Quran, they instantly believed it to be the rightful and true message. Though it was not completely clear to them what this message in its entirety meant but they felt that those who have embraced Islam, by submitting themselves to Allah have sought the Right Path of conduct and life itself.
We are told that the more Allah has bestowed upon us in the form of talents, insight and wealth, the more is expected of us. Moreover it is our duty to remember Allah, which is an indicator that we acknowledge His presence and accept His guidance. But this should be done with sincerity and true devotion to Him. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “Allah will lay bare His Shin and then all the believers, men and women, will prostrate themselves before Him; but there will remain those who used to prostrate themselves in the world for showing off and for gaining good reputation. Such a one will try to prostrate himself (on the Day of Judgment) but his back bones will become a single (vertebra) bone (so he will not be able to prostrate)”.
Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) also states that, his mission is from Allah, and if he dared to disobey Him in any circumstance, he would be punished like any other person and no one could save him. Also whatever knowledge he has, is an endowment to him by Allah and he can neither know less or more than what has been revealed to him.
Surah No 73: Al-Muzzammil
Number of Ayats: Twenty
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 1 where the word ‘Al-Muzzammil’ occurs which means “the one wrapped in garments”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. This is also one of the titles of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW). It is stated that we must not read the Holy Quran hastily. We should not merely read over the words, but actually try to understand their meaning. Though the Holy Quran is part of our prayer and religious commitment, reading it should not be a compulsive action or considered a burden. It should be read with joy and interest, and as much as conveniently possible for us, as Allah knows that we have various worldly duties to perform. The Tahajjud prayers is mentioned here, though it is difficult to rise in the middle of the night after going to sleep, but this is indeed a very appropriate time for spiritual contemplation.
Whatever service we do for Allah and good towards our fellow beings, raises our status and will come to our aid on the Day of Judgment. Allah has no need for it, it is only for us. We are told not to be afraid of wicked people, and that we should leave everything to Allah. We must have complete faith in Him alone, for He knows everything and is just. The last statement of Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) when he was thrown into the fire was: “Allah (Alone) is Sufficient for me and He is the Best Disposer (of my affairs)”
Surah No 74: Al-Muddaththir
Number of Ayats: Fifty-six
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 1 where the word ‘Muddaththir’ occurs which means “the one enveloped”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. The first seven verses were revealed following the interval after the initial revelation to the Holy Prophet (SAW), which is why he is now being commanded to go forward and preach the message of Allah. He is instructed to perform his duty sincerely, without expecting anything in return. While he must endure with courage and patience whatever trials and tribulations he has to face, for the sake of Allah.
It is stated that all that we are blessed with such as wealth, talent, power, status are qualities that some are born with, while some acquire through hard work and determination, but we should not forget that in both cases they are gifts from Allah.
Yet it is seen that the more man is blessed with the more avaricious he becomes and starts considering it his right to be on the receiving end. However he never stops to consider what he has to give. He rejects the signs of Allah, and does not pay heed to His message. We must remember that all good comes from Allah, and all evil from our selves! Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “Allah has forbidden you to be a) undutiful to your mothers b) to bury your daughters alive c) not to give charity d) to beg for anything. And Allah has hated for you a) sinful and useless talk like backbiting or that you talk too much about others b) to ask too many questions (in disputed religious matters) c) to waste wealth (by extravagance with lack of wisdom and thinking)”.
Surah No 75: Al-Qiyamat
Number of Ayats: Forty
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 1 where the word ‘Al-Qiyamat’ occurs which means “the Day of Resurrection”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. As the name implies, the Day of Resurrection has been portrayed as an answer to the disbeliever’s query; as to when will the Final day come? The signs that are mentioned are a) when everyone will be put back together as they were (each human being has his/her own special finger prints, this proves that Allah is most Superior!) b) when everyone’s sight will be dazed c) when the moon will eclipse by merging with the sun and their light will be extinguished. Then the disbeliever asks that will there be any refuge, so he could save himself? He is told that there will be no refuge for he was warned and told time and time again to pay heed to the truth and finality of the Day of Judgment, but he chose of his free will not to listen. Now whatever excuses he may come up with for his follies will of be no use. All his body parts have been witness to his actions and they will speak up for his deeds.
We are told that pride is the root of all evil, it started with Satan, and history reveals that it has been the reason of the downfall of man as well, for it has lead him to 1) turn away from Allah 2) reject the true message 3) neglect prayer 4) neglect charity.
The surah ends with a question for the disbelievers, that He who has created all the wonders of this world, would He not have the power to bring the dead back to life on that appointed day?