Surah No 76: Ad-Dahr
Number of Ayats: Thirty-one
Meaning of the name: In ayat no 1, the word ‘Ad-Dahr’ occurs meaning “Time”.
Summary: This is a Madni surah. We are told that the world existed even before Man was created. Then Man was blessed with numerous faculties and given knowledge of good and evil. Those who chose the wrong path will suffer on the Day of Judgment, while those who feared Allah, worshiped Him, fed the poor and gave charity to the needy will indeed be rewarded accordingly. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “Al-Miskin (the poor) is not the one who goes round the people and asks them for a mouthful or two (of meals) or a date or two, but Al-Miskin is that who has not enough (money) to satisfy his needs and whose condition is not known to others, that others may give him something in charity, and who does not beg of people”
These people will live in a beautiful garden and wear garments of green silk, embroidered with gold. They will have all sorts of delicious fruit to eat. Wine with Zanzabil (ginger) will be served by innocent young boys, in goblets of sparkling silver. They will be given water to drink from the springs of ‘Salsabil’ and ‘Kafur’.
We are reminded that we must establish all prayers regularly so that His remembrance is with us all the time. Most importantly, we must not forget that although we have been given a will, but whatever we achieve is according to the Will of Allah for He Has all knowledge and wisdom. Therefore we must constantly seek His guidance, as this is the only way we will obtain His blessings and benevolence.
Surah No 77: Al-Mursalat
Number of Ayats: Fifty
Meaning of the name: In ayat no1, the word ‘Wal-Mursalat’ occurs meaning “those sent forth”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. We are told that the winds, Angels and Messengers ‘have been sent forth’ to perform specific functions that we are witness to. A reminder has been given to all those who thrive in this world on falsehood and sin, and is indicated by this ayat, which has been repeated ten times throughout the surah, “Ah woe that Day to the Rejecters of Truth!”
Therefore let us not forget for a moment what happened to previous civilizations that turned their back on Allah and were vain about their abilities, for if we do the same then we will meet the same fate!
Prayer has been mentioned because it symbolizes humbleness in front of the Almighty and the desire to be near Him. And those who do not bow down before Him will suffer great consequences on the Day of Judgment. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “If the people knew (the reward for) pronouncing the Adhan and for standing in the first row (in congregational prayers) and found no other way to get that except by drawing lots, they would draw lots, and if they knew (the reward of) Zuhr prayers (in the early moments of its stated time) they would race for it and if they knew the (the reward of) Isha and Fajr (night and morning) prayers in congregation, they would come to offer them even if they had to crawl”.
Surah No 78: An-Nabaa
Number of Ayats: Forty
Meaning of the name: In ayat no 2, the word ‘An-Nabaa’ occurs meaning “the great news”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. The great news as the name refers to, is of the Holy Quran, Islam which Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) is torch bearer of and the Day of Resurrection. But the ‘Taghun’ (those who transgress the boundaries set by Allah), disbelievers, sinners and criminals question, doubt and do not consider it good news. They will indeed suffer for this attitude.
Judgment has three stages: 1) We are punished for our sins in this world 2) Death itself 3) The Final Day. On that Day the disbelievers will wish that they could just turn to dust, so that they did not have to face any accountability. While seated on the Judgment Seat, no one has the right to speak, and the Angels who stand by in rows, will only speak when allowed by Allah. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “If anyone of you improves (follows strictly) his Islamic religion, his good deeds will be rewarded ten times to seven hundred times for each good deed and a bad deed will be recorded as it is”
Surah No 79: An-Nazi’at
Number of Ayats: Forty-six
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from the first word of the surah which is ‘Wan-Nazi’at’ which means “those who pull out”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. The Angels are appointed to do many tasks on the command of Alllah. One of these tasks is to take the souls from the bodies. While they are gentle with the good, they are not so with the sinners. We are told that on that Day the first jolt will change the world we live in, while the second jolt will take us to a new world. At that moment the deniers will tremble with fear, and will be awestruck as the impossible has just happened.
Again reference to Pharaoh is given here, who rebelled against Allah by saying to his people “I am your Lord Most High” (79:24). Thus we saw what Allah did to him, making him an example for us in this life and the Hereafter.
Man was sent to earth to fulfill certain responsibilities and given authority as well, so how can he think that he should not be questioned, on how he used all that he was granted? Therefore he will be judged equally for his motives as well as actions, and then rewarded or punished accordingly.