Surah No 93: Adh-Duha
Number of Ayats: Eleven
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from the first word of ayat no1, ‘Adh Dhuha’ which means “the forenoon – after sunrise”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. It starts with referring to the light which begins with sunrise and grows till midday. This can actually be considered synonymous as to how one grows spiritually, which is a gradual transition from one stage to another. Hazrat Abu Hurairah said “Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) advised me to observe three things” 1) to fast three days a month 2) to pray two Rak’ah of Duha prayers 3) to pray Witr before sleeping.
Here Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) is reassured that undoubtedly the reason of discontinuation of revelation was not because Allah was displeased with him; rather it was to give him some relief from the immense weight of responsibility on his shoulders. He is given the good news that the hardships that he is facing will soon be over and he will experience the blessings of Allah. He is told that favour has always been upon him, for he was born an orphan yet had excellent upbringing, he did not know the true path of life yet he was shown the Way, he was poor and then he was made rich.
In the end we are told to be kind to orphans. Also whenever some fellow being comes to us with a request which could either be monetary or knowledge based, or is in need of encouragement, then such people should not be ridiculed. And if we are fulfilling the request then we should not boast of the favour. That is not the way charity is done. We are all blessed by Allah, and it is our duty to spread His gifts by being kind and helpful to those less able than ourselves.
Surah No 94: Ash-Sharh
Number of Ayats: Eight
Meaning of the name In ayat no1, the word ‘Ash Sharh’ occurs which means “the opening forth”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. It is stated that the human breast (which is symbolically used here) encompasses qualities such as superior knowledge and the highest sentiments of love. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) was bestowed with such a personality. That is why he was not only recognized during his lifetime but his name stands out in history among the heroic leaders of mankind.
Though it is indeed difficult for one man to battle against sin on his own, however Allah sends His assistance to those who believe in Him. The example of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) is before us who was given the courage to face all adversities.
We are told that whatever difficulties we encounter, Allah provides a solution with it, but we must follow His path and have absolute faith by being patient and doing good.
Surah No 95: At-Tin
Number of Ayats: Eight
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from the first word of ayat no1, ‘At Tin’ which means “the fig”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. Four things are mentioned in the first three ayats: 1) the fig 2) the olive 3) Mount Sinai 4) Makkah. Here the ‘olive’ stands for ‘Mount of Olives’ which represents the message of Hazrat Isa (AS). Mount Sinai represents the message of Hazrat Moosa (AS) and Makkah represents Islam. Therefore it is clear that all these symbolize the revelation of Allah, which shows man the right path, if only he understands.
We are told that Allah gave man the best and purest nature. Furthermore He made man His vicegerent on earth, thereby giving him a rank higher than that of Angels for he has been given knowledge and can exercise his will. So whosoever uses his gifts rightly; Allah will grant him a high and noble destiny. And whosoever does not will fall to a position lower than animals.
Surah No 96: Al-Alaq
Number of Ayats: Nineteen
Meaning of the name In ayat no 2, the word ‘Al Alaq’ occurs which means “the clot”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. The first 5 ayats refer to the incident of when Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) first received revelation. All that we know is what Allah teaches us. We learn something new every moment, and this has greater significance in the spiritual world.
Therefore everything we know and have; are gifts of Allah, and whosoever thinks otherwise is committing a huge folly. More specifically those who rebel against Allah’s Law and try to stop others from following it are also doomed. Here we are given an example of Abu Jahl who was a sworn enemy of Islam.
He constantly insulted and persecuted Hazrat Muhammad (SAW). Most specifically he tried to find ways of preventing him from praying in the Khana Kaaba.
Abu Jahl said: “If I caught Muhammad (upon whom be Allah’s peace and blessings) performing his Prayer by the Ka’bah, I would trample his neck down.” “When the Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) heard of it, he said: “If he acted so, the angels would seize him there and then.”
Surah No 97: Al-Qadr Qadr
Number of Ayats: Five
Meaning of the name: In ayat no1, the word ‘Al Qadr’ occurs which means “the night of decree”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. It is stated in the very first ayat that the Holy Quran was sent down to Hazrat Muhammad (SAW), and that too on the Night of Power or Destiny. This is the night when all destinies are decided, and it is also better than a thousand months.
Anyone of these nights of Ramazan i.e. 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th or 29th can be the Night of Power. As Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “Search for the Night of Al-Qadr in the odd nights of the last ten nights of Ramazan”.
Surah No 98: Al-Bayinah
Number of Ayats: Nineteen
Meaning of the name: In ayat no1, the word ‘Al Bayinah’ occurs which means “the clear evidence”.
Summary: This is a Madni surah. It is stated that the People of the Book i.e. the Jews and the Christians were clearly foretold about the arrival of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) in their books. Unfortunately they deviated from their true path, and said that they would not return to it unless the prophet arrived. Yet when Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) arrived they rejected him and refused to follow the path he showed them. The People of the Book had a greater responsibility as compared to the pagans, because Allah had bestowed upon them; Divine Revelations.
Yet when the clear evidence was presented to them in Islam, they defied it. Although the message of Islam is no different then what was revealed to them. There are three basic principles: 1) To believe that there is one Allah 2) Praying regularly 3) To serve Allah by good deeds and acts of charity. The worst sin that Man can commit is to turn away from truth and righteousness. For honor in Allah’s sight is not according to race or color, but it completely depends on conduct.