Surah No 25: Al-Furqan
Number of Ayats: Seventy seven
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 1. ‘Al-Furqan’ means the Holy Quran which distinguishes between truth from falsehood.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. It revolves specifically around the Holy Quran. It tells us how the non-believers targeted the Holy Quran with false accusations, mocking its message. They also made baseless comments as to why the prophets are human beings rather than being angels? And if they are humans why are they poor and humble instead of being rich and powerful? In ayat no 32 they also ask why the Holy Quran was not revealed all at once; the answer to which was that firstly in order to spread Islam through Arabia and then the rest of the world, the hearts of the people had to be won over gradually in sincere spirit. While secondly the gradual revelation provided different answers to different problems faced by Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) throughout the 23 years. This was a way to convince the disbelievers in the authenticity of the Holy Quran.
At the end of the surah the characteristics of people well-liked by Allah are given as those: 1) who worship only Allah 2) who are humble 3) who are good to others, and reply softly when addressed by someone wrongly 4) who ask for respite from hell 5) who do not waste money neither are misers 6) who pay attention to the Signs of Allah 7) who do not practice polytheism 8) who believe in the Day of Judgment. Whereas three things are openly condemned 1) false worship 2) taking a life 3) fornication. And it is clearly pointed out that if a sinner repents, is sincere in his faith, does good deeds then Allah will change his sins into virtues. Surah No 26: Ash-Shu’araa
Number of Ayats: Two hundred and twenty-seven
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 224 where the word “As Shu’araa” occurs which means ‘the poets’
Summary: This is a Makki surah. It revolves around the theme that the Pagans of Makkah refused to accept the message of Islam. They accused Hazrat Muhmmad (SAW) of being a poet and a sorcerer and made fun of his mission. Thus Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) was disheartened and disturbed over the situation. Throughout the surah it is stated that only the non-believers refuse to see the natural signs and the miracles of the prophets. For this attitude they will suffer. Again the stories of the prophets such as Hazrat Moosa, Ibrahim, Nooh, Hud, Salih, Lut and Shoaib are highlighted so as to remind us that their nations perished because they disobeyed Allah as they refused to accept or follow the teachings of the prophets.
In ayat no 196 it is stated that The Holy Quran and its revelation upon Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) had been mentioned in both Torah and Gospel. In the following ayat reference is given to Abdullah bin Salam, a knowledgeable Jewish scholar who knew the truth. When he found out that Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) has reached Madina, he went to meet him. He asked him three questions that only a true prophet of Allah could answer.
The Holy Prophet (SAW) answered them correctly. To which Abdullah bin Salam testified that there was only one God and that Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) was his Prophet. He then told the prophet that the Jewish people are a slanderous nation. As a test he asked the prophet to ask them what sort of man was he, without preaching Islam. To this they answered that Abdullah is a very good man, and a son of a good man. Then the Prophet asked them that if Abdullah were to embrace Islam what would their reaction be. They asked him to save Abdullah from Islam. The prophet repeated this question, but got the same answer. Then Abdullah bin Salam came out of his hiding place and recited Kalma Tauheed. People reacted by saying that Abdullah is a very bad man, and is the son of a bad man.
Surah No 27: An-Naml
Number of Ayats: Ninety three
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 35 where the word “An-Naml” occurs which means ‘the ant’
Summary: This is a Makki surah. It begins with telling us that the Holy Quran which is a miracle bestowed upon Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) helps us in three ways (1) it explains things, the attributes of Allah, our own position, and the world around; (2) it directs us to right conduct and keeps us away from evil; and (3) to those who have Faith and accept its guidance, it gives the good news of forgiveness and rewards. And that the entire universe is proof that none but Allah could have created such. He is the one who Has made the heavens and the earths and everything in it. And where man is concerned He knows what is in his heart and his soul, and He listens to our pleas and relieves us of our suffering. However those who do not believe in these teachings, they will be led astray and they will find no fault with all the wrong deeds they commit.
A major portion of the surah gives an account of Hazrat Suleiman (AS) in detail. He was the son of Hazrat Daud (AS) and was blessed with everything. He was a powerful king and had great influence all around. He was bestowed with prophet hood which gave him spiritual insight bringing him closer to Allah and that is why he acknowledged and was grateful to Him for all that he had. He was blessed with the ability to understand birds, creatures and plants. Once he heard an ant warning the others to steer clear of the path where Hazrat Suleiman (AS) and his army were passing by, he was amused to hear this and then he prayed that his power and wisdom and all other gifts may be used for righteousness and would benefit of all around him.
His subjects included birds, jinns and humans and they were all kept in order due to his discipline, justice, and good government. His life sets a great example for he used his position and status to spread the message of Allah. Even Queen of Sheba (Bilqis) who nation worshipped the Sun, accepted true faith as she was impressed by his sincerity and honesty.