Surah No 28: Al-Qasas
Number of Ayats: Eighty eight
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 25, where the word Al-Qasas occurs which means ‘the stories’.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. This is the last in the series of three surahs the previous ones are (As-Shuaraa and An-Naml) which tell the entire story of Hazrat Moosa (AS) in a proper sequence. His story is completed by ayat no 42.
Reference is given to the occasion when Abu Talib, the prophet’s beloved uncle was on his death bed. The Holy Prophet (SAW) visited him and asked him to utter the Kalima so that he may be forgiven. But Abu Jahl and Umiya bin Khalaf intervened and asked him if he was willing to give up the faith of his father Abdul Mutalib? They repeatedly asked this and so Abu Talib’s last words were ‘I am of the faith of Abdul Mutalib.’ To which the Holy Prophet (SAW) said that ‘I will pray for your forgiveness till I am not told to stop.’ On this occasion ayat no 113 of surah At-Tauba was revealed which states “It is not fitting for the prophet and those who believe, that they should pray for forgiveness of pagans even though they be of kin after it is clear to them that they are companions of the Fire.” Also ayat no 56 of this surah was revealed which states “Verily, you O Muhammad (SAW) guide not whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills. And He knows best those who are the guided.”
Qarun known as ‘Korah’ in the Bible has been mentioned here. He and his 250 men rebelled against Hazrat Moosa (AS) and his brother Hazrat Haroon (AS). He was arrogant on basis of his wealth which was immense and he believed that he accumulated it on his own merits and that he was superior to others. Thus Allah punished him for the earth opened and swallowed him up along with his men.
Therefore we must not ever forget that wealth has been given to us by Allah and hence it is our duty that we must spend it as He has told us to. Those who fail to do so will indulge in wrongdoings that we have been ordered to abstain from such as: 1) they become miserly and forget all claims due to themselves and those directly related to them 2) they refuse to acknowledge the needs of the poor and needy, or give charity 3) they may overspend on occasions that cause harm. Qarun had practiced all the above mentioned.
Surah No 29: Al-Ankabut
Number of Ayats: Sixty nine
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 41 where the word ‘Ankabut’ occurs which means ‘spider’.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. In the beginning it has been emphasized that to profess your faith verbally is of no use until and unless your actions comply with the requirements of your religion. Though parents deserve reverence, obedience and love but you must not listen to them if they ask you to leave true faith. While those who lead others astray not only have the burden of their own sins but of all those who follow them.
We are told that Hazrat Nooh (AS) lived for 950 years and preached the message of Oneness of Allah to his nation yet they did not pay heed to him. Therefore the disbelievers perished and the believers survived on the ship, which was a lesson and warning for all that exists.
A very important indication is given with regard to the spider’s web. It is truly a wondrous work of nature which easily traps the prey; yet it is fragile. This web has been compared to the allure and the evil of the world which ensnares humans. They start building their lives around things that are not durable and are as flimsy as the spider’s web. They actually forget the purpose of life and their creator: Allah. Therefore our prosperity is in following ‘Sirat-ul-Mustaqim’ i.e. the path prescribed by Allah. Even if you have chosen the wrong path once, does not mean that you cannot find the right path again. It only depends on your sincerity of purpose and faith in Allah, for He is all merciful and forgiving. Therefore the men that have been endowed by Allah are the ones who can see his signs. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “We can only envy two men: One who has been blessed with the knowledge of the Holy Quran, secondly a person who has been blessed with wealth and he uses it to perform good deeds.”
We are again reminded to do good deeds, recite the Holy Quran and establish regular prayers for indeed the remembrance of Allah is the greatest action. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) once asked one of his companion’s, “Do you know what Allah’s claim on us is?” The companion replied that he did not know. “We should worship him and not practice polytheism. And do you know what our claim on Allah is?” Again the companion replied that he did not know. “He will bless those who do not indulge in Polytheism.”
Surah No 30: Ar-Rum
Number of Ayats: Sixty
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 2, where the word ‘Ar-Rum’ occurs meaning ‘the Romans’.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. The predictions made in this surah are outstanding. At the verge of complete ruin, the Romans turned the tables on the Iranians and were victorious. At the same time the Muslims won their first war against the non-believers i.e. the Battle of Badr. Therefore within a span of ten years both proved to be true. And so the revelation of this surah presents the ultimate evidence that the Holy Quran is the book of Allah and Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) is His true messenger.
Ayats 20-25 state the various signs of Allah such as he created man from dust yet gave him a heart, a soul and intelligence which he has used to uncover many mysteries of the universe. He created companions for him which have resulted in families and the development of the human race of different colors, languages, castes and creeds. He gave us sleep so that we can rest our mind and body.
We must understand that there is no equal to Allah. We must only rely on Allah in all matters, for no one else can give us what He can. When we are in distress we turn to Him for help, and when with His assistance the difficulty is over we forget Him, and believe that is due our own capabilities that we pulled through. Yet should not one wonder where our abilities and intelligence comes from? They are but gifts of Allah, but only he who submits his will to Allah believes in this truth and is of sincere faith.